Consultant - Research Lead - Climate Finance in Fragile States
Climate finance is not reaching those most in need. The recent SPARC report Exploring the conflict blind spots in climate finance adaptation (2021) and UNDP and the Climate Security Mechanism’s complementary study Climate Finance for Sustaining Peace: Making climate finance work for conflict-affected and fragile contexts (2021) illustrate how, over the last decade, the more fragile a country was, the less climate finance it received from bilateral funders and multilateral climate funds.  The two reports also identified challenges and gaps for climate finance providers to target and deliver increased climate finance to countries affected by conflict and fragility (FCAS). These include: higher costs, basic safety and security, volatility, lack of available resources, brain drain, difficulty ensuring national ownership, limited state capacity and identifying local implementing partners.
While both analyses increase our understanding of the difficulties to deliver climate finance in fragile and conflict-affected contexts, the question remains as to what can be done to overcome them?
Building on this work, the consultant will develop a series of case studies, learning from a few selected funders both in the climate and non climate space, to identify concrete solutions that could be implemented by major climate funders, to increase climate finance delivery to fragile and conflict affected situations. We expect the findings of this work to contribute to the advocacy effort of Mercy Corps, and the Zurich Flood Resilience Alliance, and to creating a set of actionable recommendations with maximum ownership to be launched ahead of COP27.
The following criteria define the parameters of the project:
- Focus: FCAS and adaptation finance (not mitigation)
- Audience: major climate funders
- Aim: showcase concrete solutions to increase climate finance delivery to FCAS, to use in influencing policy change of major climate funders
- Create a work plan to share with Mercy Corps team for review
- Conduct scoping interviews with Mercy Corps team and a few others in their networks, to gather inputs and insights, in combination with a preliminary review of existing and relevant materials, to identify the 4-5 case studies of most interest
- Conduct a series of interviews with a few selected funders both in the climate and non climate space to identify practice and gather relevant documentation to build the case study
- Present the products to Mercy Corps and any other relevant stakeholders.
The estimated amount of time devoted to these activities will be 40 days.
- The consultant will deliver the 4-5 case studies written as short briefs (~5 pages) which can be read in combination with each other or separately.
- The consultant will also deliver a key messages document that can be used in tandem with any or all of the case studies, that sets out current data on the gap in adaptation funding and summarises the key barriers identified.
 Out of $14 billion of climate finance implemented by the GEF, GCF, CIFs and AF in 146 countries between 2014 and 2021, extremely fragile states and fragile states averaged US$2.1 per person and US$10.8 per person respectively compared to $161.7 per person for non-fragile states (UNDP and CSM). SPARC findings highlight that between 2010 and 2018, more than half of the countries in the Sahel and Horn of Africa received less adaptation finance per person than the average for LDCs, at US$2–13 per person in fragile and conflict-affected states versus US$18 per person in LDCs.